The US Securities and Exchange Commission has set aside NYSEs and Nasdaqs depth-of-book fees as of October 16.
The fees falling under the judgment are those fee that Nasdaq and NYSE Arca put in place on September 15, 2010, and November 9, 2010, respectively.
The Commissions decision rests on the exchange operators failure to meet their burden to demonstrate that the fees are fair and reasonable and not unreasonably discriminatory, wrote the authors of the decision. We do not, by our findings here, conclude that the fees are not fair and reasonable. Rather, the factual record submitted and the theories based on the record part forward by the exchanges are insufficient to support a finding that the fees at issue meet the statutory test.
The decision marks a change from the 2016 decision by Law Judge Brenda Murray, who rule that there was a competitive environment between Nasdaq and NYSEs depth-of-book offerings and that SIFMA failure to prove that depth-of-book data is a need rather than a want.
Today we also remanded hundreds of similar requests seeking to increase the price of information necessary to participate in Americas stock markets, noted SEC Commissioner Robert Jackson in a prepared statement. The exchanges will now have the opportunity to review those requests under the standards articulated in todays landmark opinion-which requires exchanges to be prepared to show us that any price increases are justified by competition rather than the exchanges market power.
This pragmatic ruling by the SEC indicates increasing recognition by policymakers that the fee structure for proprietary market data products is broken,” added Melissa MacGregor, managing director and associate general counsel at SIFMA, in a prepared statement. “As noted in the unanimous decision, the exchanges fail to meet their burden to demonstrate that the fees are fair and reasonable and not unreasonably discriminatory as required under current law. Today’s decision should prompt further examination of policy reforms to ensure the efficiency of public market data feeds and fairness of fees.”
Nasdaq is disappointed by the SEC decision given the strength of its evidence, convincing record of facts, and its track record with the courts, a Nasdaq spokesperson told Markets Media. “This decision represents the latest in a 20-year long series of attempts to over-regulate the best capital markets in the world, in order to benefit the largest financial institutions. We intend to appeal this decision.”
In a statement, IEX co-founder and CEO, Brad Katsuyama said:
This is not a ruling by the SEC against exchanges, it is the SEC ruling in favor of fairness and competition. As an exchange, IEX supports this ruling and believes this is a huge win for the industry and investors who have long suffered the consequences of price gouging by NYSE and Nasdaq.
IEX doesnt sell prop market data, and gives away connectivity for free.
The Securities and Exchange Commission yesterday issued an opinion setting aside certain NYSE Arca and NASDAQ fee filings. The opinion has no impact on any existing Cboe market data fees and Cboes fee schedules remain unchanged,” said the Cboe in a prepared media statement. “Further, Cboes market data strategy remains focused on offering low priced competitive products to organically grow revenue and is not focused on price escalation. Accompanying the opinion, the Commission issued an unprecedented order requesting an assessment of a handful of previously adopted Cboe fee adjustments. We note that those previously adopted fee filings involved modest adjustments to a revenue pool of approximately 3% of Cboes total net revenue.
Roger Rutherford, COO of ParFX told Traders Magazine that theSECs decision is an eye-opener, not just for those in equities in the US, but across financial markets. It supports the widely held view that there needs to be greater transparency in the pricing of market data.
In recent years, the cost and fees associated with market data have all skyrocketed. Existing market data packages have been unbundled and sold separately to improve profit margins – further increasing costs for trading institutions,” Rutherford said. “There is now a realization that institutions are paying vastly different amounts for the data they receive. Large institutions are negotiating better prices and cutting special deals based on how much they agree to trade on a particular venue. This means smaller institutions with lower trading volumes and less bargaining power are struggling to get value for money.”
He added that the good news is that the industry participants are increasingly vocal about their concerns. As a result, the distribution, cost and transparency of market data packages are now coming under scrutiny from the regulators such as the SEC.
ParFX delivers market data to its trading customers at no additional cost – that is everyone gets the same data, at the same frequency in parallel. “We also dont negotiate special deals – this is in direct contrast to the approach of other providers.”
It is time other platform and data providers across all asset classes bring themselves in line with rules and regulations such as MiFID II and the FX Global Code, and meet the standards we expect in 2018 by making market data more transparent and affordable for everyone,” Rutherford said.
Despite the unanimous decision by the Commission, Commissioners Hester Pierce and Elad Roisman noted in a separate joint comment that the regulators decision should be read only as dispositive of the record presented- not as a conclusive statement about the market for the products in question or the market for depth-of-book date more broadly.
The Commissioners also put forward three potential ways the exchange operators could approach to defend future data-fee hikes.
The SROs could segment the market by each product and the type of customer it is intended to serve and assess how each customer uses and values each product or they could determine the platform theory and identify how customers who pay for the particular service exerts competitive pressures on an exchange as a platform, wrote the Commissioners.
“Both analyses are undeniably complex, but such diligence is necessary to ensure that customers are not paying fees so high that they amount to denials of access,” they added.
The final option they cited would have the SROs justify their fees based on the costs it took the exchanges to develop and offer their products or services.
“This approach would involve the most intervention and monitoring on behalf of the Commission, which would essentially be required to step into the role of rate-setter,” the Commissioner wrote. “From our perspective, this is the least appealing outcome.”